Reforestation is essential for the economic survival of most nations. The loss of forests worldwide has been a major contributor to climate change.
Trees are dying at an alarming rate from climate change. A massive strategic tree planting would help.
As forests dwindle, tree species will become stressed and wood prices will continue to rise in price due to the shrinking availability of high quality product, particularly knot-free veneer. A UN report released in 2005 estimated that the world loses about 36,000,000 acres of natural forest each year, an expanse the World Wildlife Fund says is equal to 36 football fields every minute of every day, and commercially valuable trees and timber is disappearing at an even faster rate. This creates a unique opportunity to provide tall forest ready hardwood and softwood tree seedlings, which can be shipped for rapid reforestation deployment in any area of the world.
In North America alone, nearly 15,000,000 acres of forests were harvested, over 32,000,000 acres of trees where lost to forest fires and 56,000,000 acres where damaged or killed by insects in 2007. The loss of forests worldwide was estimated to be 900,000,000 acres in 2008.
Reforestation - Clear Cutting And Natural Selection
There are two basic approaches to timber harvesting.
Clear-cut forests are environmentally devastating, leaving eroded soil and silted streams, rivers, and irrigation reservoirs in its wake.
The alternative is to select cut only mature trees, leaving the forest largely intact. This ensures that forest productivity can be maintained in perpetuity. This is the prefered method in Sweden.
Tree plantations can reduce pressures on the earth’s remaining forests as long as they do not replace old-growth forest. As of 2010, the world had 652,000,000 acres in planted forests, more than one third as much land as is planted in grain. Typically, tree plantations produce mostly wood for paper and lumber mills. Increasingly, reconstituted wood is substituted for natural wood as lumber and construction industries adapt to a shrinking supply of large logs from natural forests.
As tree farming expands, it is starting to shift geographically to the moist tropics, where yields are much higher and harvest cycles are much shorter. One hectare (2.47 acres) of forest plantation produces 4 cubic meters of wood per year in eastern Canada and 10 cubic meters in the southeastern United States. But in Brazil, newer plantations are getting close to 40 cubic meters. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization projects say that as plantation areas expand and yields rise, the harvest could more than triple between 2005 and 2030.
Tree plantation could one day satisfy most of the world’s demand for industrial wood, thus helping protect the world’s remaining natural forests.
Tree planting is an essential part of any reforestation program. Tree planting provides seasonal employment for university students and reforesting large tracks of logged timberland. Forest companies are mandated in many countries to replant indigenous tree species through aggressive reforestation programs. The government will sometimes partner with logging companies and share the cost. In provinces like British Columbia, Canada, the government foots half the reforestation bill. Tree planting involves traditional methods to plant trees, which involve short height tree seedlings with rooted plugs. Typically, one hundred or more trees are carried by the planter into the field where each tree is individually planted with a tree spade. Unfortunately, as many as 50% of the trees do not survive the first winter. The main reason for this is that plug seedlings are not developed enough to root properly into the surrounding soil. Alternatively, tree planting with tall tree seedling stock significantly increases survivability rates because they have a more developed root system and are more likely to take to the surrounding soil.
Tree Planation Grows The Tallest Tree Seedlings In The World For Reforestation
Tree Planation grows the tallest tree seedlings in the world, growing hardwoods and softwoods to an average height of 12 feet before they are shipped and transplanted. Planting tall 12 to 15 foot tree saplings with well-developed root systems would have a better chance of survival for any reforestation project.